Where, in this case, nationalism “simply” means favouring national industries. A quick rundown of some of the more agressive national tech policies around the world. (Consider everything in there relative to [[Yuval Noah Harari on Why Technology Favors Tyranny]] from the same issue.)
“For the likes of China and Saudi Arabia, projecting national strength is bound up with expensive, and often pretty safe, bets on the industries of the future. This is techno-nationalism. Though we are living with its consequences already, its impact will grow exponentially. […]
By allying their financial power and nationalist ambitions with the most consequential technologies currently being developed anywhere in the world, they are making a bet for 21st century dominance to which Western democracies currently have virtually no meaningful response.